Review article

Impact of haemophilia on patients with mild-to-moderate disease: results from the P-FiQ and B-HERO-S studies

Author
Witkop M, Wang M, Hernandez G, Recht M, Baumann K, Cooper DL
Citation

Witkop M, Wang M, Hernandez G, Recht M, Baumann K, Cooper DL. Impact of haemophilia on patients with mild-to-moderate disease: results from the P-FiQ and B-HERO-S studies . Haemophilia. 2021;27(Suppl. 1): 8-16. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/hae.14251 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/hae.14251

Date of Publication
Abstract

Introduction

Epidemiologic studies suggest that joint bleeding occurs in patients with mild?to?moderate haemophilia, including women and girls. However, most previous studies on the impacts of haemophilia focus on men with severe disease.

 

Aim

To identify unmet needs in men and women with mild?to?moderate haemophilia.

 

Methods

The Pain, Functional Impairment, and Quality of Life (P?FiQ) study assessed the impact of pain on functional impairment and health?related quality of life in men with haemophilia A or B of any severity. The Bridging Hemophilia B Experiences, Results and Opportunities Into Solutions (B?HERO?S) study evaluated the psychosocial needs of adults and children with haemophilia B of any severity, including women and girls. Both studies employed patient?reported outcome measures.

 

Results

In the P?FiQ study, 16% (62/381) of participants had mild and 13% (50/381) had moderate haemophilia. In the B?HERO?S study, 29% (86/299) of adult participants were female, 25% (74/299) had mild haemophilia, and 63% (189/299) had moderate haemophilia. In addition, 63% (46/74) of patients with mild and 86% (162/189) of patients with moderate haemophilia routinely infused factor products to prevent bleeding. Patients reported difficulty gaining access to factor products (54%; 142/263) and a haemophilia treatment centre (17%; 44/263). During the P?FiQ study, 78% (48/62) of patients with mild and 87% (44/50) with moderate haemophilia described problems with pain on the Brief Pain Inventory. Patients also reported issues with anxiety, depression and relationships.

 

Conclusions

Mild?to?moderate haemophilia has physical and psychosocial impacts on patients. We offer some solutions to help alleviate these impacts and resolve unmet needs.

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